Author Interview, Michelle Scott Tucker

Michelle Author
Michelle Scott Tucker

Michelle Scott Tucker’s first book, Elizabeth Macarthur: A Life at the Edge of the World is due out, in bookshops everywhere in a day or so. She has been kind enough to grant me interview while I scramble to produce a review. Meanwhile, check out Lisa at ANZLitLovers’ review here.

 

Q. So first up, I think you went from school to university to the Commonwealth Public Service. At what stage did you decide to become a writer.

A. Yes, that’s right. After uni (in Melbourne) I moved to Canberra and worked in Australian government policy roles for over a decade, then moved back to Melbourne and into consulting (mainly for government clients). Essentially, I’ve always written for a living. And despite what you’ve heard about government writing, I think my various day jobs gave me a solid grounding in how to turn complex issues and ideas into readable, accessible prose. But I was in my mid-thirties before I realised that writing was always the part of my job I enjoyed most, and that writing – for its own sake – was something I wanted to pursue. And I’ve probably only been confident enough to call myself ‘a writer’ for the last year or two. Getting a publishing contract definitely helped!

 

Q. Your book is a biography of Elizabeth Macarthur, who came out to Sydney on the Second Fleet and was instrumental in establishing the wool industry here in Australia. How did you light on her as a subject? Did you intend all along to demonstrate that she had agency, that she was not just John Macarthur’s wife?

A. One of my government jobs involved (briefly) working with women farmers in outback Queensland. I was young and pretty green, and they were very kind. They explained that there was no such thing as ‘a farmer and his wife’. In reality each farming couple were both farmers, and usually part of a farm family. Although the farm work might be split along gendered lines, the women’s work was just as crucial to the financial viability of their farms as the men’s.

I studied history at uni, and speaking with those outback women made me wonder why farm women seemed to be missing from the Australian historical narrative. So I started doing some basic research, stumbled across Elizabeth Macarthur’s story and found it absolutely compelling – there was so much going on! So yes, I definitely and deliberately set out to demonstrate that she was far more than just someone’s wife.

 

Q. Some time ago I saw a piece in which you imagined from Elizabeth’s point of view the birth and death of (I think) Elizabeth and John’s first second child, while they were still at sea on the way here. Did you ever consider writing this whole work as Historical Fiction? And in the context of this question, how much have you looked into the theory side of modern biographical writing – the mixing in various proportions of documented fact, disputed facts, speculation, authorial research, fiction to cover the gaps and so on.

A. The book opens at sea aboard a convict ship, on a stormy Southern Ocean, with Elizabeth Macarthur giving birth prematurely. No part of the scene is imagined, or fictionalised. The historical record is clear about the premature birth of the baby girl, and her subsequent death, about the ship, about the storms, and even about Elizabeth’s prayers. We know nothing about Elizabeth’s subsequent grief, and I say so.

Nor is any other part of the book fictionalised or imagined, and although occasionally I provide commentary, or speculate about something, it’s clearly flagged as commentary or speculation. If there are disputes or gaps in the historical record (and there are always gaps) I flag them too, and leave the reader to decide. Essentially, I abide by the code that historian Clare Wright calls ‘not making shit up, ever’. In the book, I’ve selected words very carefully so that every sentence is as accurate as possible. But, that said, I do use all the narrative tools associated with fiction to ensure that I present the facts in a compelling, interesting and accessible way. As a result, I seem to have written a history book that reads like a novel.

I do love reading books and articles about writing and especially about writing biography. I also enjoy reading lots of different kinds of biographies, including those that describe the author’s research process. But I’m really not a fan of including fictionalised scenes in non-fiction narratives. It’s distracting, and rarely adds to my understanding of the subject. If I want the fictionalised version, I’d rather read a historical novel (and I do read lots of those, too). For myself, I wasn’t ever tempted to go down the historical fiction route, not when the real story was so interesting anyway.

 

Q. We your loyal followers have been following the progress of Elizabeth Macarthur for years now on your blog Adventures in Biography. On 4 Jan 2015 you wrote, “I aim to spend 20 minutes every day working on my Elizabeth Macarthur biography.  And slightly less time in my hammock swing …” How did that work out? How long had you already been writing by then. And how long before that had you been thinking about writing?

A. Like all my New Year resolutions, that ’20 minutes a day’ one lasted less than five minutes. Although probably slightly longer than the ‘do more exercise’ or ‘be a nicer person’ resolutions. I have a family, a job, and plenty of things on. I write when I can, in the cracks of my life, so to speak. I started working on the book when my children were tiny, so the actual start date is lost in the baby-haze, but maybe about 12 years ago? I’d do some research, do some writing, do some more research. Some years I didn’t write more than a chapter. But in 2016, once I had a contract, and therefore a deadline, I started writing a whole lot more.

 

Q. When you told me that you had started a blog, in June 2014, I of course started reading it – the first blog I ever read – and also the blogs that you followed. They were/are a fascinating mix of literature, history, and biography and I have followed much the same blogs ever since. I am sure your interaction with these bloggers has been both enjoyable and informative, and we have loved sharing in the progress of your work. What would you say as a writer about being a blogger, that is, does the interaction contribute to your writing, or your thinking?

A. Starting a blog, and being part of that online community of bloggers, has made a huge contribution to my writing – and thinking.

Before becoming a blogger myself, I came across ANZLitLovers and vividly remember nervously posting a comment for the first time. Lisa, the blogger behind ANZLitLovers, was immediately welcoming and supportive and that motivated me to keep exploring the literary blogosphere. It’s a terrific place to learn about and discuss Australian (and other) books.

Through my own blog I’ve made contact with some really lovely people, and their encouragement really did mean (and still means) a great deal to me. We’re friends now, and I occasionally see some of them offline too. A few were directly helpful, for example: Dr Marion Diamond (Historians are Past Caring) generously pointed me towards relevant research information that I’d have never found on my own; and Bernice Barry, a published biographer, shared some incredibly useful insights about what to expect from the publishing process. Twitter and Facebook, in their different ways, have also provided me with useful and interesting connections.

 

Q. If starting writing was the first big step forward, was your acceptance into the Hard Copy programme the next big step? The perspective from the outside was that it of course gave you confidence and practical ideas but there also appeared to be quite a bit of ongoing fellowship and support.

A. My first big step was the culmination of lots of smaller steps. I entered small competitions and didn’t win. I submitted pieces to literary magazines and received lots of rejections. I applied for a fellowship and was shortlisted (the Hazel Rowley). Then I applied for a residential fellowship (to Varuna) and was accepted. Each step drew on what I’d learned from the step before.

Acceptance into the ACT Writers Centre 2015 HardCopy program was a terrific next step; I learnt a huge amount that year and, as you say, gained a valuable friendship group of other non-fiction writers. But the big break was meeting with (and getting incredibly positive feedback from) publishers and agents at the end of the program. During that process the woman who became my agent, Jacinta di Mase, offered to represent me. That was the real break – scoring a top-class agent. Thanks to her efforts, I subsequently received generous offers from seven different publishers for my unfinished manuscript. That’s when it all started to feel real, and I really did start to think of myself as a writer. That feeling also made it easier to carve out more time for writing.

 

Q. Finally, your blog is often overtly feminist, for instance in addressing the inequality of opportunity for women writers compared to men. Would you say that Elizabeth Macarthur is informed by feminism? Or that it is consciously part of a feminist project to redress the balance of male and female stories in histories?

A. Yes, Elizabeth Macarthur is definitely informed by feminism and yes, it is an attempt to redress the balance. The Australian historical narrative is full of white men working (mining, exploring, soldiering, etc).  The Australian historical narrative is also full of white men failing (and there’s perhaps a PhD thesis in this for someone). Bourke and Wills: fail. Ned Kelly: didn’t end well. Even the Gallipoli campaign – the men themselves may have been heroes but it seems to be that not every Australian realises we actually lost that battle.

Elizabeth Macarthur was an interesting, intelligent successful woman who played a crucial role in Australia’s colonial history. Hers is not a household name – but it ought to be. And it’s a bit sad, really, that merely writing about a female historical figure remains a feminist act, but it’s true.

 

Thank you Michelle. I should have my review of Elizabeth Macarthur: A Life at the Edge of the World up early next week (here).

Michelle’s website (here) includes a link to her blog and dates for author talks/book signings (under News & Events).

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27 thoughts on “Author Interview, Michelle Scott Tucker

    • Thanks! Michelle has some lively opinions and she’s not afraid to express them. I’m nearly done reading her book, and it fairly zips along. The publisher is Text, so I hope you can get a copy in England.

      Liked by 3 people

    • Thank you. I’ve only done a few interviews, but in each case the authors have been very generous with their responses. Eliz. Macarthur is officially in bookshops on Mon (2 Apr). I’ve had an order in with my local indie for a while but they must be sticking to the official release date.

      Liked by 1 person

      • My library has ordered a copy so I’ve put my name down on the wait list. Hopefully enough people will reserve it so they buy more copies.

        Liked by 3 people

  1. This is a brilliant interview because you’ve asked such good questions! (Is it time to give up the day job and become a journo instead?)
    It’s nice to have a mention in this interview, but I think that you and MST have hit on another aspect of blogging that we who stumbled around in the early litbogsphere never considered that we might be doing…it never occurred to me when I started that any *writer* might find my blog useful. I was just rambling on about the books I read for other readers who might also have read them or might want to.
    But over the years I’ve become aware, and have occasionally got on my soapbox about, the gaps in Australian writing. As MST says, women have not been part of the national narrative, and the iconic male farmer shouldn’t have had the solo spotlight for so long. So when MST said she was writing a bio of EM, I just said I wanted to read it. My ‘encouragement’ was as simple as that. I want to read Nathan Hobby’s bio of Katharine Sussanah Prichard too. As if there weren’t enough books on my TBR as it is, I want to read books that haven’t been written yet!
    The other thing I want to say is the importance of writing this bio in a ‘novelistic’ way. I called it unputdownable in my review and it is, and I think that’s really important. I have read other attempts to write women into the story and they have too often been worthy but boring (and sometimes *yawn* very long). But put EM into the hands of readers and they will soon be as fascinated by history as we would like them to be.

    Liked by 3 people

    • Funnily enough I was a journalist cadet for a while, $44.00 a week! I went back to trucking. I am finding as I read EM that it is not just EM’s life that is fascinating but also the new light Michelle casts on the history of white settlement, almost in passing. And yes, I want to read Nathan’s KSP asap too. And then there’s Sylvia Martin who is working in this space too. (There was a typo in your comment but I took the liberty of editing it)

      Liked by 3 people

      • Ah, thank you re the typo, I make more and more of them these days!
        Actually journalism is a perilous career these days, just listening to today’s garbage on Radio National makes me despair. (Would you believe ‘umbrellas in literature’ was the theme on The Hub today, featuring fond memories of Julie Andrews in Mary Poppins from someone who’d obviously never read the book, and not Dickens either because she didn’t know what a gamp was despite #sigh it being her topic). Obviously decision-makers hiring today are oblivious to the need for an IQ that can cope with reading books…

        Liked by 2 people

  2. Great interview – thanks Bill and Michelle. I’d not realised before Michelle was working on this manuscript about twelve years – makes me feel better about the years elapsed so far on mine.

    As for, “Essentially, I abide by the code that historian Clare Wright calls ‘not making shit up, ever’.” – that is a memorable way to put an axiom of history / biography writing!

    Liked by 3 people

  3. Great interview, Bill and Michelle. I’ve been folk-festival-ing this weekend so am being in my blog reading.

    Anyhow, I agree with Lisa that you asked great questions, and Michelle’s responses were excellent. I am perfectly happy for biographers to speculate but if they are they need to flag it – as Michelle says she’s done. And I love biographers who use narrative techniques to make their story engaging and readable, so good on Michelle for going down this path.

    Liked by 2 people

  4. I really appreciate the writer’s integrity. I’ve been talking recently with other bloggers about biographies with loads of speculation, which means your really getting history according to one person. Then, there are the biographies with little to no source material made available, making me wonder how the book was published at all. I wouldn’t accept papers without sources in a basic writing course! My favorite part of the interview, though, is the writer’s time spent with female farmers. I wonder how long she was there, what she did while she was there, etc.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Michelle certainly sticks to her promise to only write stuff she has evidence for. She says ‘briefly’ in relation to her time with Queensland women farmers but it is obviously something she has thought about a lot (and now she and her husband and kids have a little farm of their own, for horses). Throughout the biography she notes where women were left to manage the farm, as Elizabeth Macarthur was, for extended periods, and generally, how working a farm is a team business for which a man gets all the credit.

      It’s an excellent book, not only about its immediate subject but about the early days of settlement in New South Wales and if you were interested (and have the time!) I’d be happy to send you a copy. My review should be up in a day or so.

      Like

    • Thanks GTL. In the late 1990s I was managing a federal telecommunications grants program, aimed at regional and remote communities. I only visited the outback women briefly, but we worked together over a period of about 18 months, and stayed in touch via the Internet (in the 1990s it was via a bulletin board system). Outback people, and especially outback women, were early Internet adopters, perhaps because they needed it so much. I’ve since stayed in touch with one of those women, again mainly via the internet.

      If Bill doesn’t want to be bankrupted by Australia Post, you might perhaps try an international online site like The Book Depository. The book is also available in e-book form, via the usual online vendors.

      Like

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